With the initiation of the Web and search engines, online searching has become a common method for obtaining information. People search for information on a daily basis, for various purposes: Searching is the second most common online activity after email.
Jakobsen Comparative research is a research methodology in the social sciences that aims to make comparisons across different countries or cultures. The term comparative method refers to a specific kind of comparison — the comparison of large macro-social units.
It can be seen as a way of bridging the qualitative and quantitative research traditions. I will in this article focus on comparative survey research.
There are many names for the type of research that we do: Social scientists should undertake not to interpret survey data relating to a country about which they know little or nothing. This would tend to ensure cross-national collaboration in the interpretation as well as the design of comparative research.
Resist the temptation to compare too many countries at once. Emerging naturally from the six previous rules, cross-national surveys should ideally be confined to the smallest number of countries consistent with their aims, rather than celebrating as many nations as possible in their purview.
Cross-national surveys should pay as much attention to the choice and compilation of aggregate-level contextual variables, as they do to individual-level dependent and independent variables relevant level-2 variables.
Social scientists contemplating or engaged in cross-national studies should be as open about their limitations as they are enthusiastic about their explanatory powers.
The fact is that only certain subjects, and only certain aspects of those subjects, can successfully be measured cross-nationally. Stringent and well-policed ground rules for comparable survey methods should become much more common in comparative studies than they are now. To avoid infringing well-established cultural norms in one country or another, substantial national variations in methods are sometimes tolerated that should render comparisons invalid.
To transform cross-national surveys from parallel exercises into joint ones, collective development work, experimentation, scale construction, and piloting should be undertaken in all participating nations. One should routinely include methodological experiments in cross-national research.
Analysts of cross-national data should try to suspend initial belief in any major inter-country differences they discover.
All too often, such unexpected differences turn out to be impostors — the result of a poor translation, a subtly different show card, a variation in sampling coverage, or a particular cultural cue that subtly alters the meaning of the variable in that country. If these rules were even roughly adhered to, the situation would improve considerably.
Indeed, any comparative data set that complied with these rules would immediately transform itself from being deeply suspect to just plainly problematical.Search inside document.
A Comparative Analysis of Various Visibility Enhancement Techniques through Single Image Defogging Suganiya.S1, Shantha Preetha.S2, Swathika.M3 1,2,3Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Bharathiyar College of Engineering and Comparative study, airlight, Fog removal, Image colour fidelity and.
The Comparative Study of Search Engines Google versus Bing Ouphachay Thongsamouth There are various search engines available on the internet with Google and Bing being among the most popular ones. The study, therefore, sought to compare Report on Comparative Study of Search Engine Google versus schwenkreis.com Comparative Study Using Various Methods for Identification of Staphylococcus Species in Clinical Specimens.
F. Layer, B. Ghebremedhin, K.-A. and the BD Phoenix system (Becton Dickinson Diagnostic Systems) for identification of Staphylococcus species in comparison with gap-based T-RFLP analysis as a reference method for accuracy. Comparative research is a research methodology in the social sciences that aims to make comparisons across different countries or cultures.
A major problem in comparative research is that the data sets in different countries may not use the same categories, or define categories differently (for example by using different definitions of poverty). Comparative Studies (BA) As a Comparative Studies major, you will learn more about the variety of ways people have developed to understand and describe the world, their place within it, .
A Comparative Study of two major Search Engines: Google and Yahoo. Orient. J. Comp. Sci. and Technol;7(1) Both search engines provide the various guidelines to users to search proficiently. The most important guideline is to use specific and unique words to describe what we are searching.
If the keywords are more general or ambiguous words.