An introduction to the history of the frankish empire charlemagne

The Middle Ages Date: They were the German barbarians, or Teutonic tribes, who swept across the Rhine and the Danube into the empire.

An introduction to the history of the frankish empire charlemagne

Aquitaine Aquitaine under Rome had been in southern GaulRomanised and speaking a Romance language. Similarly, Hispania had been populated by peoples who spoke various languages, including Celticbut the area was now populated primarily by Romance language speakers. Between Aquitaine and Hispania were the EuskaldunakLatinised to Vasconesor Basques[38] living in Basque country, Vasconia, which extended, according to the distributions of place names attributable to the Basques, most densely in the western Pyrenees but also as far south as the upper Ebro River in Spain and as far north as the Garonne River in France.

The Romans were never able to entirely subject Vasconia.

An introduction to the history of the frankish empire charlemagne

The border with Aquitaine was Toulouse. At aboutthe Duchy of Vasconia united with the Duchy of Aquitaine to form a single realm under Felix of Aquitainegoverning from Toulouse.

This was a joint kingship with a Basque Duke, Lupus I. Lupus is the Latin translation of Basque Otsoa, "wolf". As the Basques had no law of joint inheritance but practised primogenitureLupus in effect founded a hereditary dynasty of Basque rulers of an expanded Aquitaine.

Umayyad conquest of Hispania Moorish Hispania in The Latin chronicles of the end of Visigothic Hispania omit many details, such as identification of characters, filling in the gaps and reconciliation of numerous contradictions. He chose to impose a joint rule over distinct jurisdictions on the true heirs.

Evidence of a division of some sort can be found in the distribution of coins imprinted with the name of each king and in the king lists.

If the reigns of both terminated with the incursion of the Saracensthen Roderic appears to have reigned a few years before the majority of Achila. Odo the Great of Aquitaine was at first victorious at the Battle of Toulouse in They took Bordeaux and were advancing towards Tours when Odo, powerless to stop them, appealed to his arch-enemy, Charles Martelmayor of the Franks.

In one of the first of the lightning marches for which the Carolingian kings became famous, Charles and his army appeared in the path of the Saracens between Tours and Poitiersand in the Battle of Tours decisively defeated and killed al-Ghafiqi. Loss and recovery of Aquitaine[ edit ] After the death of his father, Hunald I allied himself with free Lombardy.

However, Odo had ambiguously left the kingdom jointly to his two sons, Hunald and Hatto. The latter, loyal to Francia, now went to war with his brother over full possession. Victorious, Hunald blinded and imprisoned his brother, only to be so stricken by conscience that he resigned and entered the church as a monk to do penance.

The story is told in Annales Mettenses priores. Grifo had installed himself as Duke of Bavaria, but Pepin replaced him with a member of the ducal family yet a child, Tassilo, whose protector he had become after the death of his father. The loyalty of the Agilolfings was perpetually in question, but Pepin exacted numerous oaths of loyalty from Tassilo.

However, the latter had married Liutpergaa daughter of Desideriusking of Lombardy.

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At a critical point in the campaign, Tassilo left the field with all his Bavarians. Out of reach of Pepin, he repudiated all loyalty to Francia.

By the end of the 15th century, the Ottoman Empire was in extent much like Romania of the Macedonian Emperors had been in the midth century, with, of course, now the same capital, Constantinople.. Much that seems characteristic of Islam today, like the domed mosque and perhaps even the symbol of the Crescent, are due to Byzantine influence by way of the Ottomans. A lecture on the early history of the Byzantine Empire, with special reference to Justinian. The Royal Frankish Annals (Latin: Annales regni Francorum; also Annales Laurissenses maiores and German: Reichsannalen) are Latin annals composed in Carolingian Francia, recording year-by-year the state of the monarchy from (the death of Mayor of the Palace Charles Martel) to (the beginning of the crisis of Louis the Pious).Their authorship is unknown, though Wilhelm von Giesebrecht.

One year earlier, Pepin had finally defeated WaiferDuke of Aquitaineafter waging a destructive, ten-year war against Aquitaine.

Charles met Carloman, but Carloman refused to participate and returned to Burgundy. Charles went to war, leading an army to Bordeauxwhere he set up a fort at Fronsac. Lupus, fearing Charles, turned Hunald over in exchange for peace, and was put in a monastery. Gascon lords also surrendered, and Aquitaine and Gascony were finally fully subdued by the Franks.

Perforce union[ edit ] The brothers maintained lukewarm relations with the assistance of their mother Bertrada, but in Charles signed a treaty with Duke Tassilo III of Bavaria and married a Lombard Princess commonly known today as Desideratathe daughter of King Desideriusto surround Carloman with his own allies.The Royal Frankish Annals (Latin: Annales regni Francorum; also Annales Laurissenses maiores and German: Reichsannalen) are Latin annals composed in Carolingian Francia, recording year-by-year the state of the monarchy from (the death of Mayor of the Palace Charles Martel) to (the beginning of the crisis of Louis the Pious).Their authorship is unknown, though Wilhelm von Giesebrecht.

A history of the Byzantine Empire Byzantium)including its rulers, cities, religion, politics and wars.

Alcuin as a theologian

(Alhwin, Alchoin; Latin Albinus, also Flaccus). An eminent educator, scholar, and theologian born about ; died 19 May, He came of noble Northumbrian parentage, but the place of his birth is . Part 2. Part 3. Part 4. A Second View The Byzantine Empire, Part One.

An introduction to the history of the frankish empire charlemagne

Eastern Europe, And Russia To Donald MacGillivray Nicol: Koraës Professor Emeritus of Byzantine and Modern Greek History, Language, and Literature, King's College, University of London.

Holy Roman Empire: Holy Roman Empire, the varying complex of lands in western and central Europe ruled over first by Frankish and then by German kings for 10 centuries (–).

Learn more about the origins, history, and significance of the Holy Roman Empire in this article. A lecture on the early history of the Byzantine Empire, with special reference to Justinian.

The Ottoman Sultans of Turkey & Successors in Romania