Human security and environmental security in haiti politics essay

Although the popular Fanmi Lavalas party of ousted President Jean Betrand Aristide was allowed to contest after 11 years, the ruling party of the Western-backed despot Martelly hired armed goons who disrupted the election throughout the country. There are fears about what will happen during presidential elections next month.

Human security and environmental security in haiti politics essay

Navy Imagery As the Great Eastern Japan Earthquake has made all too clear, natural disasters can be very difficult to predict and fully prepare against, and have incredibly far-reaching consequences for the safety and wellbeing of individuals and communities.

As in previous natural disasters such as the Indian Ocean tsunami, Hurricane Katrina inthe Australian bushfires inthe Haiti earthquake and the Pakistan floods, the impacts on people and society in affected areas are immediate and overwhelming.

Such catastrophes tend to exacerbate pre-existing problems and inequalities, with vulnerable parts of the population often disproportionately impacted.

Human security and environmental security in haiti politics essay

The consequences can be felt for many years, with people suffering as refugees or being displaced within their own country, their livelihoods destroyed, and facing long-term health issues.

How can we best understand and respond to the threats natural disasters pose to human safety and wellbeing?

The UN Security Council voted unanimously this April to end the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti by October. Yet many of the problems that afflicted Haiti remain and, in . Published: Mon, 5 Dec In order to answer this essay question, we should first define what humanitarian disaster is, as well as what we mean in terms of human security and environmental security. Q: Resilience seems to be an important concept in environmental security. Yes, and resilience at different levels, from a particular piece of equipment to an organization to the resilience of a whole community and a society There's a growing appreciation that you need resilience of both infrastructure and social capital for a community to be.

It offers a broader understanding of security, by incorporating concerns of development and human rights as well as more traditional issues. Human security promotes a bottom-up, people-centered approach, which emphasizes the needs, capacities and experiences of individuals on the ground.

It has been widely applied in a number of fields such as peacebuilding, humanitarian assistance, development, education and health. Nevertheless, human security debates and policies have tended to focus more on human-made disasters, such as armed conflicts and human rights abuses.

At the same time, strategies for disaster risk reduction e. Even so, as recent catastrophes like the earthquakes in Haiti and Japan have clearly shown, the actual threats that people struggle with following a natural disaster are similar to those of a human-made crisis such as armed conflict: Likewise, many of the same actors are involved in the response, notably the UN and humanitarian NGOs.

In post-conflict situations the practical value of the human security approach lies in its ability to focus and coordinate the efforts of many different actors on actual human needs, by providing a holistic and bottom-up perspective. Clearly, this approach would also be beneficial in the response to natural disasters—where coordination of relief efforts has been a recurring problem, as seen in the Indian Ocean tsunami and the earthquakes in Haiti and Japan.

A human security approach would encourage systematic information sharing, common action plans, needs assessment, and better coordination of responses and offers of assistance.

A human security perspective encourages us to consider the needs of the most vulnerable parts of the population, most notably protecting women, children, and the elderly.

Human security also emphasizes empowerment strategies, enabling people — both individuals and communities — to act on their own behalf, and on the behalf of others. Particularly during rebuilding, it would suggest a bottom-up approach and incorporation of the voices of all those affected.

In disaster preparedness, human security would assist in guiding policy development by ensuring resilience measures and scenarios include consideration of human and community needs.

An important distinction when applying human security to natural disasters concerns the role of the military and the nature of civil-military relations. In civil conflicts, the military can sometimes be a major threat to human security, but in the case of natural disasters, the military, with its significant operational capacity and field experience, may instead be a major provider of human security — as in the current efforts of the Japan Self-Defense Forces.

Implications for the concept of human security As a relatively young concept, human security is still being explored and debated by academics and practitioners. Thinking about its application to natural disasters is an important step in further developing the idea.

In theory, human security is a universal concept, but it has tended to focus on people in developing and post- conflict countries.

Natural disasters — such as Hurricane Katrina, the Black Saturday bushfires and the recent earthquake and tsunami in Japan — demonstrate that human security remains relevant for even the most wealthy, highly industrialized countries. As such, it is valuable to consider the similarities and differences between the way human security can be understood and applied in different countries and contexts.

Natural disasters also illustrate the need for a more multidisciplinary perspective when considering human security. While human security issues in armed conflict are primarily understood through the social sciences, the natural sciences may provide invaluable knowledge for preparing and adapting to the human impacts of natural disasters.

Looking ahead The idea of human security has quickly come to play an important role in the way the international community understands and responds to issues such as armed conflicts and human rights abuses. Humans are not the only threat to human security, however, as we have seen from the extensive suffering and damage caused by natural disasters.In the post-Cold War era, the pre-eminent threats to our security derive from human degradation of vital ecosystems as well as the possibility of war and terrorist attack.

This substantial book examines this new ‘security-environment’ paradigm and the way in which the activities of societies are.

The concept of security* Often, this takes the form of proposals for giving high priority to such issues as human rights, economics, the environment, drug traffic, epidemics, crime, or social injustice, in addition to the Instability and the New Multidimensional Politics of Security. Globalization’s Security Implications RAND issue papers explore topics of interest to the policymaking community. Although issue papers are formally reviewed, authors global crime, drug trafficking, environmental degradation, and the spread of infectious diseases. What kinds of strate- human food chain. The threat is growing that. This article offers a genealogy of human security and environmental security set against the background of the United Nations Human Development Report and .

Haiti’s security environment is getting worse at both the domestic and international levels. And, this growing problem must be addressed by the nation’s government at the earliest possible time, in cooperation with the CARICOM countries and the United States of America. Failure to act now. This article offers a genealogy of human security and environmental security set against the background of the United Nations Human Development Report and .

Human security and environmental security in haiti politics essay

“Environmental security” was identified as a core component of the definition of human security outlined in UNDP’s report. Nevertheless, human security debates and policies have tended to focus more on human-made disasters, such as armed conflicts and human rights abuses.

“Environmental security” was identified as a core component of the definition of human security outlined in UNDP’s report. Nevertheless, human security debates and policies have tended to focus more on human-made disasters, such as armed conflicts and human rights abuses.

Haiti is plagued by crime and chaos within its streets, homes, and even its government. There is widespread slavery, kidnapping, lack of security, lack of access to education, and police brutality.

Children are taken into slavery at extremely young ages.

Human security - Wikipedia