Influence of environmental factors on development of personality

Environmental factors play a significant role in the personality development of children. These are the influences of environmental factors on personality development of children.

Influence of environmental factors on development of personality

Every individual on this earth is different from the other. No one person is fully like other person. Every person differs from the other, either physically or psychologically.

Even the twins are no exception to this. They differ in some aspects or other. Particularly when we look at people from psychological point of view these differences are quite obvious. In many instances even the children differ from their parents.

They will have some similarities with some forefathers or grandparents instead of their parents. What makes these differences to exist? What are the causes?

The answer to these queries can be traced from two factors, viz. The basic sources of personality development are heredity and environment. Heredity refers to the genetic inheritance received by every individual at the time of conception.

The origin of every human life can be traced to a single cell called zygote. It is formed by the union of sperm and ovum. The sperm and ovum will contain 23 pairs of chromosomes out of which one will be sex determining chromosome.

Female will have 23 pairs of XX chromosomes. Male will have 22 pairs of XX and 2 single, represented as XY. X chromosome from mother and Y chromosome from father will lead to male offspring, XX from both parents give rise to female. In each chromosome there are innumerable genes.

These genes are the real determiners of hereditary characteristics—which pass on from one generation to the other. At the time of conception, the genes from chromosomes of both the father and the mother fuse together and determine the traits of the offspring to be born. The physical characteristics such as height, weight, colour of eye and skin, social and intellectual behaviour are determined by heredity.

Differences in these characteristics are due to the change in the genes transmitted.

Influence of environmental factors on development of personality

Fraternal twins also differ from each other, because they are born out of different genes. However, we find more resemblances in identical twins because they are born out of monozygotic.

In simple terms environment means the society, the fields of society and even the whole world. Like heredity, environment also has been found to play a very important role in determining the behaviour and personality development of an individual.

The environmental influences are those which act upon the organism at the earlier stages of development, i. Environment includes all the extrinsic forces, influences and conditions which affect the life, nature, behaviour, the growth, development and maturation of living organism Douglass and Holland.

Hence, we can say that environment means all that is found around the individual. The cytoplasm is an intracellular environment which influences the development.

Though the life begins with single cell, in the process of cell division several new cells are formed and a new internal environment comes into existence. As the fetus develops the endocrine glands are formed. The hormonal secretion by these glands gives rise to another intracellular environment.

Hormones are necessary for normal development, but defects in hormone secretion like over or under secretion may lead to congenital deformities. The growing embryo is surrounded by amniotic fluid in the uterus which creates another environment.

Factors Affecting Personality Development - Unique 2 Brilliance

This fluid will provide the necessary warmth and protection against the dangers due to organisms and other chemical effects on fetus. The fetus is also connected to the mother by the umbilical cord, through which the nourishment is supplied.

Sufficient nourishment is necessary from the mother. Otherwise the child will suffer from malnutrition. The defects in mother like drug or alcohol addiction, smoking, malnutrition, diabetes, endocrinal disturbances, small uterus and such other problems cause many problems in child.Environmental factors play a significant role in the personality development of children.

These are the influences of environmental factors on personality development of children. 1. Rearing patterns: Interactions between the infant and mother for satisfaction of biological needs play a significant role in personality development.

Some hereditary factors that contribute to personality development do so as a result of interactions with the particular social environment in which people live.

For instance, your genetically inherited physical and mental capabilities have an impact on how others see you, and how you see yourself. In the past, shared environmental influences on personality traits have been found to be negligible in behavior genetic studies (e.g., Bouchard & McGue, ).However, most studies have been based on biometrical modeling of twins only.

Factors Affecting Personality. As personality is developed within the social framework, as such, many factors contribute to its development. For an easy understanding, the factors that effect personality are classified into two groups: (i) Biological Factors (ii) Environmental Factors Biological Factors.

But a caution has to be considered in over-emphasizing the influence of physical characters on personality development.

Because, although the rate of maturing and associated factors may affect personality development, the relationship between physical make-up and psychological characteristics is not very rigid and categorical.

Environmental factors play a vital role in the development of personality. According to Louw () it is emphasized that the personality of the individual develops in a social environment.

It is in the social environment, that he/she comes to have moral ideas, social attitudes and interests.

Effects of Heredity and Environment on our Personality