The history development and distribution of cocoa

Cacao beans come from the cacao tree Theobroma cacao. The main area for cacao cultivation is the Gulf coast state of Tabasco, known for its cacao for over three thousand years, since Olmec times.

The history development and distribution of cocoa

Origin hypotheses[ edit ] Indigenous Australian camp by Skinner Prout, Scholars have developed a number of hypotheses to explain the historical origins of agriculture.

Studies of the transition from hunter-gatherer to agricultural societies indicate an antecedent period of intensification and increasing sedentism ; examples are the Natufian culture in the Levantand the Early Chinese Neolithic in China.

Current models indicate that wild stands that had been harvested previously started to be planted, but were not immediately domesticated.

History and development

An abundance of readily storable wild grains and pulses enabled hunter-gatherers in some areas to form the first settled villages at this time. List of food origins Sumerian harvester's sickle, BC, made from baked clay Early people began altering communities of flora and fauna for their own benefit through means such as fire-stick farming and forest gardening very early.

An example is the semi-tough rachis and larger seeds of cereals from just after the Younger Dryas about BC in the early Holocene in the Levant region of the Fertile Crescent.

Monophyletic characteristics were attained without any human intervention, implying that apparent domestication of the cereal rachis could have occurred quite naturally. Similar ploughs were used throughout antiquity. Agriculture began independently in different parts of the globe, and included a diverse range of taxa.

At least 11 separate regions of the Old and New World were involved as independent centers of origin. Domestic pigs had multiple centres of origin in Eurasia, including Europe, East Asia and Southwest Asia, [11] where wild boar were first domesticated about 10, years ago.

Area 3 grey is no longer recognised as a centre of origin, and Papua New Guinea red, 'P' was identified more recently. These eight crops occur more or less simultaneously on Pre-Pottery Neolithic B PPNB sites in the Levantalthough wheat was the first to be grown and harvested on a significant scale.

The history development and distribution of cocoa

At around the same time BCparthenocarpic fig trees were domesticated. Critics point to inconsistencies in the radiocarbon dates, and identifications based solely on grain, rather than on chaff.

By BC, farming was entrenched on the banks of the River Nile. About this time, agriculture was developed independently in the Far East, probably in China, with rice rather than wheat as the primary crop.

Maize was domesticated from the wild grass teosinte in West Mexico by BC. The site was abandoned in the 19th century BC. In Chinamillet and rice were domesticated by BC; the earliest known cultivation of rice is from BC.

In the Sahel region of Africalocal rice and sorghum were domesticated by BC. Kola nut and coffee were domesticated in Africa. In the earliest levels of Merhgarh, wild game such as gazelleswamp deerblackbuckchitalwild asswild goat, wild sheep, boarand nilgai were all hunted for food.

These are successively replaced by domesticated sheep, goats, and humped zebu cattle by the fifth millennium BC, indicating the gradual transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture.We’ve been inventing, inspiring and investing in a nation of chocolate lovers for nearly years.

A Brief History of Chocolate | Arts & Culture | Smithsonian

Delve into the company’s fascinating history and you’ll find a wealth of interesting facts and information on subjects including how the nation’s favourite chocolate was born, the Cadbury .

This is a program designed by CASADE in conjunction with leading world universities to provide individuals already employed in the public sector or plan to work for governments in policy-making capacity the requisite background on efficient resource-allocation in developing countries.

Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more. Get started now! History. The first non-native settlement in the area was by a family of freed slaves following the American Civil , a group of men from Cocoa bought the entire tract of land, which went undeveloped until it was bought out in by a member of the group—Gus Edwards, Cocoa's city that time, Edwards' total holdings included approximately acres ( ha), and he had.

History of cacao. Saturday, July 13, by: Willow Tohi Tags: cacao, history, chocolate. Most Viewed Articles.

The history development and distribution of cocoa

Today. Week. The beans are the main ingredient for chocolate and cocoa powder. Cacao has been around so long that historians are not sure about the domestication and distribution of cacao.

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Hypotheses conflict as to . Cocoa beans, from which cocoa products are derived, come from the cocoa tree, which is the species Theobroma cacao. The genus Theobroma, from which the cocoa tree species comes, originated millions of years ago in .

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